The recent el-Nino-induced drought has demonstrated just how vulnerable we are in terms of water availability and how much the situation can worsen for impoverished communities. The Eastern and Southern African Regions were hard hit as a result of the drought and South Africa for instance registered its lowest water levels in 95 years (Almost a century).
Water resource scarcity is a reality for many poor communities, exacerbated by growing pressures from increasing population, the needs of industry and industrial farming. The conflicting demands require management. People’s ability to manage resource problems can be severely compromised by the increased frequency of extreme climatic events that are the consequence of climate change. Water resource management becomes an important element in the preparedness in drought.